Global Energy Monitor


Global Energy Monitor’s Global Oil and Gas Plant Tracker (GOGPT) uses a two-level system for organizing information, consisting of both a database and wiki pages with further information. The database tracks individual oil and gas plant units and includes information such as plant owner and parent company, plant status, plant type, and location. A wiki page for each power station is created within the, and contains more detailed, footnoted information such as project history and public opposition. The database and wiki pages are updated bi-annually, in February and August.

Inclusion Criteria

The GOGPT tracks all oil and gas-fired power plants that generate electricity in any setting (i.e.: peaking and base load generation, captive industrial plants, and co-generation). It includes units with capacities of 50 megawatts (MW) or more (20 MW or more in the European Union and the United Kingdom). For combined cycle units, the capacity threshold is applied to the entire combined cycle set and not to the individual components. For internal combustion units, or those units that have multiple identically sized engines, the threshold applies to the total capacity of the set of engines. The tracker does not include gas boilers only generating district or industrial heat.

Status Categories

Announced: Projects that have been publicly reported but have not yet moved actively forward by applying for permits or seeking land, material, or financing. 

Pre-Construction: Projects that are actively moving forward in seeking governmental approvals, land rights, or financing.

Construction: Equipment installation has begun (not just clearing/roads).

Shelved: Two years have passed with no action on a project after the project proposal.

Cancelled: A cancellation announcement has been made, or no progress has been observed for at least four years.

Operating: The plant has been formally commissioned; commercial operation has begun.

Mothballed: The plant is not in use (no operation for more than 1 year) but not dismantled.

Retired: The plant has been dismantled; this term is also used if the plant has been destroyed by war.

Research Process

The Global Oil and Gas Plant Tracker data set draws on various public data sources, including:

  • Government data on individual power plants, country/area energy and resource plans, and government websites tracking oil/gas plant permits and applications;
  • Reports by state-owned and private power companies;
  • News and media reports;
  • Local non-governmental organizations tracking oil/gas plants or permits.

A partial list of data sources can be found here.

​​Global Energy Monitor researchers perform data validation by comparing our dataset against proprietary and public data such as Platts World Energy Power Plant database and the World Resource Institute’s Global Power Plant Database, as well as various company and government sources.

Carbon Dioxide Emissions

For each gas plant unit, the tracker calculates annual and lifetime carbon dioxide emissions. Further details including parameters and sources can be found at Estimating Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Gas Plants on

Wiki Pages

For each oil or gas-fired power plant, a wiki page is created on Global Energy Monitor’s wiki. Wiki pages provide a repository for in-depth information including project background, financing, environmental impacts, public opposition, coordinates, and maps. Under standard wiki convention, all information is linked to a publicly-accessible published reference, such as a news article, company or government report, or a regulatory permit. In order to ensure data integrity in the open-access wiki environment, Global Energy Monitor researchers review all edits of project wiki pages.


To allow easy public access to the results, Global Energy Monitor worked with Earth Genome to develop a map-based and table-based interface. In the case of exact coordinates, locations have been visually determined using Google Maps, Google Earth, Planet Labs, or Wikimapia. For proposed projects, exact locations, if available, are from permit applications or other company documentation. If the location of a plant or proposal is not known, Global Energy Monitor identifies the most accurate location possible based on available information. 

Global Oil and Gas Power Tracker Release Notes

August 2023

  • The Global Gas Plant Tracker (GGPT) was renamed the Global Oil and Gas Plant Tracker (GOGPT).
  • The Global Oil and Gas Plant Tracker now includes oil and gas-fired power plants using internal combustion technology, also known as engines. For internal combustion units, or those units that have multiple identically sized engines, the 50 MW capacity unit threshold applies to the total capacity of the set of engines. 
  • The Global Oil and Gas Plant Tracker now includes exclusively oil-fired power plants. 

February 2023

  • Global Energy Monitor has transitioned to using the United Nations’ region and subregion definitions.
  • Global Energy Monitor has adopted the name “Türkiye” as a replacement for “Turkey.”